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Labeling -Labels/Material Safety Data Sheets


The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard gives some guidance on this subject:

29 CFR 1910.1200(f)(1): The chemical manufacturer, importer, or distributor shall ensure that each container of hazardous chemicals leaving the workplace is labeled, tagged or marked with the following information:

(I)   Identity of the hazardous chemical(s);

(II)  Appropriate hazard warnings; and

(III) Name and address of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party

The Quaker label consists of the following elements:

  • Chemical Name: identifies the name of the chemical and provides the necessary link or reference to the corresponding material safety data sheet.
  • Hazard Identifier: identifies the class(es) and degree(s) of the hazards of the material. Signal words such as danger, warning, caution are used as defined in the ANSI Standard. The signal words are followed by a list of the hazardous ingredients.
  • Precautionary Measures: brief statement(s) of the precautions to be used. Specific wording is not required.
  • Personal Protective Equipment: a list of the proper personal protective equipment that must be worn in order to safely handle the product.
  • First Aid Measures: proper first aid measures to use in case of an overexposure. There is no requirement to use specific wording.
  •  General Instructions: a list of general comments about the product. Supplier Information: the Quaker Chemical Corporation telephone number is included in this area.
  • Disclaimer
  • Proper Shipping Name: identifies the product as DOT hazardous; the proper shipping name, packing group, and other DOT information will appear here.
  • HMIS Rating for the product: the health, flammability and reactivity rating as assigned by SHE for the product as shipped. It will also include a recommended personal protection code for the handling of the neat or shipped product.

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Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) 

The OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1910.1200(g) require that the MSDS contain the following information:

  1. The identity used on the label,
  2. The chemical and common name(s) of all ingredients which have been determined to be health hazards, and which comprise 1% or greater of the composition, (except for carcinogens which shall be listed if the concentrations are 0.1% or greater) or present a physical hazard.
  3. Physical and chemical characteristics of the hazardous chemical (such as vapor pressure, flash point);
  4. The health hazards of the hazardous chemical, including signs and symptoms of exposure, and any medical conditions which are generally recognized as being aggravated by exposure to the chemical;

The primary route(s) of entry;

The OSHA permissible exposure limit, ACGIH Threshold Limit Value, and any other exposure limit used or recommended by the chemical manufacturer, importer, or employer preparing the material safety data sheet, where available;

Whether the hazardous chemical is listed in the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Annual Report on Carcinogens (latest edition) or has been found to be a potential carcinogen in the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs (latest editions), or by OSHA;

  1. Any generally applicable precautions for safe handling and use which are known to the chemical manufacturer, importer or employer preparing the material safety data sheet, including appropriate hygienic practices, protective measures during repair and maintenance of contaminated equipment, and procedures for clean-up of spills and leaks;
  2. Any generally applicable control measures which are known to the chemical manufacturer, importer or employer preparing the material safety data sheet, such as appropriate engineering controls, work practices, or personal protective equipment;
  3. Emergency and first aid procedures;
  4. The date of preparation of the material safety data sheet or the last change to it; and,
  5. The name, address and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, employer or other responsible party preparing or distributing the material safety data sheet, who can provide additional information on the hazardous chemical and appropriate emergency procedures, if necessary.

If no relevant information is found for any given category on the material safety data sheet, the chemical manufacturer, importer or employer preparing the material safety data sheets must indicate such.

Quaker has decided to use the ANSI Standard format (16 section) for its MSDS.
Each MSDS contains the following sections:

  1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION: This section includes the trade name of the product, the manufacturer’s name and address, a telephone number of a responsible party who can supply additional information about the product, and a telephone number to be used in case of an emergency.
  2. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS: This section lists the hazardous ingredients of the product that are present at 1% or greater (0.1% or greater for carcinogens), and meet at least one of the following criteria:
  1. Listed in the OSHA office. Subpart Z with an eight-hour permissible exposure limit (PEL).
  2. Listed in American Conference of Government Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) booklet of Threshold Limit Values (TLV=s).
  3. Listed as a carcinogen (or suspected carcinogen) by one of the following three organizations latest publications:

1. Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)Regulations

2. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs

3. National Toxicology Program (NTP) Annual Report on Carcinogens.

  1. It contributed to one or more of the following hazards of the product

1. flash point below 200°F (Closed Cup), or subject to spontaneous heating or decomposition.

2. subject to hazardous polymerization.

3. strong oxidizing agent by the DOT test.

4. causes skin burns by the DOT test, or is an irritant or sensitizer.

5. toxic or highly toxic or produces target organ effects (per OSHA Sec. 1910.1200)

6. The Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) registry number, and the percent composition are included in the section as well.

  1. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION: This section lists the Threshold Limit Value (the highest airborne concentration of a substance to which nearly all adults can be repeatedly exposed without experiencing adverse effects), the primary routes of entry, and the adverse health effects as a result of overexposure.
  2. FIRST AID MEASURES: This section details what measures to take if the product is inhaled, ingested, or exposed to the eyes or skin.
  3. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES: The flash point and flammable limits are listed here along with the proper measures to take if the product is ignited.
  4. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES: This section provides information on how to clean up a spill of this material and what kind of impact this product will have on the environment.
  5. HANDLING AND STORAGE: This section lists the storage temperature range, this shelf life, and any precautions necessary to ensure safe handling and use.
  6. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION: List the proper personal protective equipment to use with this product. This equipment may include eye, skin, and inhalation protection.
  1. Boiling Point: the temperature at which a liquid changes to a vapor state at a given temperature.
  2. Specific Gravity: the ratio of the weight of a given volume of material to the weight of an equal volume of water at 60 F. If the number is >1 the product will sink in water, if it is <1 it will float in water.
  3. Vapor Density: a value that expressed the ration of the density of a vapor to the density of air. (The vapors of most flammable liquids are heavier than air.)
  4. Vapor Pressure: a pressure exerted by a saturated vapor above its own liquid in a closed container.
  5. Percent Volatile by Volume: amount of material which will be driven off at a given temperature. Indicates solvents.
  6. Percent Volume by Weight:
  7. Evaporation: relative rate at which a liquid evaporates in gas in comparison to a standard.
  8. Solubility in Water: indicates whether the product is soluble, dispersible, or insoluble in water.
  9. pH: defines whether a material is acidic, alkaline, or neutral.

pH - 0-6 = acid
pH - 8-14 = alkaline
pH - 7 = neutral

  1. Appearance and Odor: describes what the material looks and smells like.
  2. Volatile Organic Compound:
  1. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY: gives information on the stability of the product including conditions to avoid, hazardous polymerization products, and incompatibility.
  2. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION: explains whether or not the product contains carcinogenic components, TLV=s and PEL=s for the product, and any target organ effects. This section will also include information on any toxicological studies performed on the product.
  3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION: provides information on environmental effects of this product. This section will also include information on any aquatic toxicity studies performed on the product.
  4. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS: provides information on the proper disposal of the product.
  5. TRANSPORT INFORMATION: provides DOT information including: proper shipping name, hazard class, UN/NA id number, and emergency response guidebook number.
  6. REGULATORY INFORMATION: This section provides information on how the product is regulated under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Superfund Amendments Reauthorization Act (SARA), EPA ozone depleting substances, and Pennsylvania Right-to-Know.
  7. OTHER INFORMATION: provides the HMIS rating for the product, the name of person who prepared the MSDS, the date of preparation, and the reason for the revision.

If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact the Safety, Health & Environmental Group.

PREPARED BY: Kathryn F. Strang
Manager, Safety, Health & Environmental
May 15, 1997


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